Hybrid Polymer Composites of Bio-Based Bast Fibers with Glass, Carbon and Basalt Fibers for Automotive Applications-A Review

Molecules. 2020 Oct 25;25(21):4933. doi: 10.3390/molecules25214933.


Composites with reinforcements based on bast fibers such as flax, hemp and kenaf offer many advantages such as weight reduction, improved specific impact, flexural, acoustic properties, and balanced performance to cost that can be achieved by properly designing the material composition. Their position is well established, especially in the nonstructural automotive applications. However, in structural applications of composites, their mechanical property profile is not comparable to the dominant reinforcements such as glass and carbon fibers. The low mechanical properties of these composites could be improved by hybridization that involves adding high-performance fibers to the bast fiber composites that could improve the low mechanical performance of the bast fiber composites. The review presented in this article provides an overview of the developments in the field of hybrid polymer composites composed of bio-based bast fibers with glass, carbon, and basalt fibers. The focus areas are the composite manufacturing methods, the influence of hybridization on the mechanical properties, and the applications of hybrid composites.

Keywords: basalt fibers; bast fibers; carding; compression molding; mechanical analysis; synthetic fibers.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biological Products / chemistry
  • Carbon / chemistry*
  • Glass / chemistry*
  • Materials Testing
  • Mechanical Phenomena
  • Metals / chemistry
  • Models, Chemical
  • Oxides / chemistry
  • Polymers / chemistry*
  • Silicates / chemistry*


  • Biological Products
  • Metals
  • Oxides
  • Polymers
  • Silicates
  • basalt
  • Carbon