Insomnia, Perceived Stress, and Family Support among Nursing Staff during the Pandemic Crisis

Healthcare (Basel). 2020 Oct 26;8(4):434. doi: 10.3390/healthcare8040434.


The COVID-19 pandemic is likely to cause mental health issues, especially for healthcare professionals. The aim of this study was to investigate levels of perceived stress, insomnia, and the sense of family support among nurses in pandemic conditions. We administered in a sample of 150 nurses from different hospital departments during the COVID-19 pandemic the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Family Support Scale (FSS). Individual and demographic data were recorded. In total, 120 women and 30 men completed the study questionnaires. Almost half of the participants (49.7%) reported the presence of insomnia and more than half (50.3%) experienced increased stress levels. Scores on the Athens Insomnia Scale correlated positively with Perceived Stress Scale scores (p < 0.01), and negatively with Family Support Scale scores (p < 0.01). Significantly negative correlations were observed among scores on the Perceived Stress Scale and the Family Support Scale (p < 0.01). The regression models revealed that 'scores on Perceived Stress Scale' and 'years of work experience' were significant predictors of 'scores on Athens Insomnia Scale', each explaining 43.6% and 2.3% of the variance. 'Scores on Athens Insomnia Scale' and 'scores on Family Support Scale' were significant predictors of 'scores on Perceived Stress Scale', explaining 43.7% and 9.2% of the variance. In conclusion, we confirmed that working with COVID-19 patients has a negative impact on the sleep of nurses, possibly mediated by increased levels of stress. Family support, as a protective factor, appears to moderate the deleterious consequences of stress.

Keywords: COVID-19; family support; insomnia; nurses; stress.