Dirac Fermion Kinetics in 3D Curved Graphene

Adv Mater. 2020 Dec;32(48):e2005838. doi: 10.1002/adma.202005838. Epub 2020 Oct 28.


3D integration of graphene has attracted attention for realizing carbon-based electronic devices. While the 3D integration can amplify various excellent properties of graphene, the influence of 3D curved surfaces on the fundamental physical properties of graphene has not been clarified. The electronic properties of 3D nanoporous graphene with a curvature radius down to 25-50 nm are systematically investigated and the ambipolar electronic states of Dirac fermions are essentially preserved in the 3D graphene nanoarchitectures, while the 3D curvature can effectively suppress the slope of the linear density of states of Dirac fermion near the Fermi level are demonstrated. Importantly, the 3D curvature can be utilized to tune the back-scattering-suppressed electrical transport of Dirac fermions and enhance both electron localization and electron-electron interaction. As a result, nanoscale curvature provides a new degree of freedom to manipulate 3D graphene electrical properties, which may pave a new way to design new 3D graphene devices with preserved 2D electronic properties and novel functionalities.

Keywords: 3D curved surfaces; 3D graphene; electrical transport; nanoporous materials.