Environment Changes, Aflatoxins, and Health Issues, a Review

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Oct 27;17(21):7850. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217850.


Crops contaminated by aflatoxins (AFs), the toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins produced namely by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, have severe impacts on human health. Changes in temperature and water availability related to actual climate changes (increased temperature, heavy rainfalls, and droughts) are modulating factors of mould growth and production of mycotoxins. To protect human and animal health from the harmful effects caused by AFs, the development of a safe and effective multifaceted approach in combating food and feed contamination with AFs is necessary. This review aims to collect and analyze the available information regarding AF presence in food and feed to reinforce AF management and to prevent health issues related to the AF exposure in the light of actual climate changes.

Keywords: AFB1; Aspergillus flavus; climate change; crops contamination; mycotoxins.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aflatoxins* / analysis
  • Animals
  • Aspergillus
  • Aspergillus flavus
  • Climate Change*
  • Food Contamination / analysis
  • Fungi
  • Humans


  • Aflatoxins

Supplementary concepts

  • Aspergillus parasiticus