The impact of a mindfulness-based intervention on the quality of life of Spanish national police officers

Health Soc Care Community. 2021 Sep;29(5):1491-1501. doi: 10.1111/hsc.13209. Epub 2020 Oct 30.


Purpose: Police officers belong to a profession with a high risk of stress, burnout and compassion fatigue. Incorporating mindfulness practices into the health and occupational-risk prevention programs run by the national police forces in Spain could provide a new approach to reducing stress and enhancing the psychological and emotional balance of these officers.

Methods: A 7-week mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) was conducted in a group of 20 national police officers in Mallorca (Spain). Mindfulness, self-compassion, burnout, compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction and perceived stress were measured and compared before and after the intervention.

Results: We identified significant differences in mindfulness (F(5, 14) = 7.441, p = 0.001, η2 = 0.727), compassion satisfaction (F(1, 19) = 5.929, p = 0.025, η2 = 0.238) and perceived stress levels (t(18) = 2.863, p = 0.010, d = 0.611) after the intervention; non-significant improvements were observed for the remaining variables assessed.

Conclusions: MBIs could be an effective way of reducing stress levels among police officers in Spain.

Keywords: burnout; compassion fatigue; mindfulness; police; stress.

MeSH terms

  • Burnout, Professional* / prevention & control
  • Compassion Fatigue* / prevention & control
  • Empathy
  • Humans
  • Mindfulness*
  • Police
  • Quality of Life