Surgical site infections following caesarean sections at Emirati teaching hospital: Incidence and implicated factors

Sci Rep. 2020 Oct 30;10(1):18702. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-75582-9.

Abstract

The rate of delivery by caesarean sections is increasing globally and, therefore, the incidence of post-caesarean surgical site infections (SSIs) is probably also going to rise. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of SSIs after caesarean operations and to explore the factors associated with an increased risk of post-caesarean SSIs. A retrospective study was performed to assess all women who underwent caesarean sections from January 2016 to December 2017 at Al Ain Hospital in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Backward multivariate logistic regression analysis was utilized to specify the variables that were significantly and independently connected with the development of post-caesarean SSIs. In total, 807 women underwent caesarean deliveries at the study site hospital during the two-year study period (January 2016-December 2017). Post-operative SSI was detected in 11 (1.4%) of the women who underwent caesarean operations. Of these, 11 (100%) women were diagnosed post-discharge, within 30 days after the date of the surgery. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that increased gestational age (P = 0.045) was significantly and independently associated with the development of post-caesarean SSI. Increased gestational age was found to be an independent predictor of post-caesarean SSIs. This identified risk factor should inform targeted health care policies to reduce the rate of SSIs.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cesarean Section / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Hospitals, Teaching*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Pregnancy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Surgical Wound Infection / epidemiology*
  • Surgical Wound Infection / etiology*
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Young Adult