Measurement of Entrance Skin Dose and the Dose Received by Different Organs in Panoramic Dental Imaging

J Biomed Phys Eng. 2020 Oct 1;10(5):569-574. doi: 10.31661/jbpe.v0i0.878. eCollection 2020 Oct.


Background: Thermoluminescence dosimetry(TLD) has been known as one of the most effective methods for dose estimation in diagnostic radiology. Orthopantomogram (OPG) imaging is used by many dentists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons as an effective tool for choosing an appropriate treatment plan.

Objective: This study aims to measure the entrance skin dose and the dose values received by different head and neck organs in OPG imaging using TLD dosimeters (TLD-100).

Material and methods: In this experimental study, the entrance skin dose and doses of various organs during imaging were measured by TLD dosimeters inside and on the surface of the Rando-Phantom. Doses to various organs, including thyroid, eye, esophagus, parotid and sublingual and submandibular salivary glands were measured. The measurements were repeated twice, and the dose values obtained in the two steps were compared.

Results: Based on the results obtained in this study, the minimum dose values were found in Esophagus; 65.81, and 59.31 µGy, respectively. The maximum organ dose value was found for left parotid glands, 3842.42, and 3399.58 for the two measurements, respectively.

Conclusion: The results show that the dose values can vary based on devices, exposure conditions, and TLD positioning.

Keywords: Diagnostic Radiology; Panoramic; Radiography; Radiology; Rando Phantom; TLD-100; Thermoluminescent Dosimetry.