Background/objective: We report the first analysis of an extended half-life recombinant factor IX, nonacog beta pegol (N9-GP), in previously untreated patients (PUPs) and minimally treated patients with hemophilia B.
Methods: Paradigm 6 (Safety and Efficacy of Nonacog Beta Pegol [N9-GP] in Previously Untreated Patients With Haemophilia B) is a multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase 3 trial. Main inclusion criteria were males aged < 6 years, with hemophilia B with factor IX (FIX) activity ≤ 2%, who were previously untreated or with ≤ 3 exposure days (EDs) to FIX-containing products. Patients received N9-GP 40 IU/kg once weekly (prophylaxis) or individualized dosing (preprophylaxis). Bleeds were treated with N9-GP 40 IU/kg (80 IU/kg if severe). The primary end point was incidence of anti-FIX inhibitory antibodies (inhibitors). Secondary end points included safety outcomes and annualized bleeding rate (ABR).
Results: At data cutoff (August 31, 2018), 38 patients had been screened, and 37 had received N9-GP (median age, 1.0 years [range, 0-4]). Total in-trial EDs amounted to 2833, representing ~ 65 patient-years. Two (6.1%) of 33 "at-risk" patients (patients with ≥ 10 EDs plus patients who developed inhibitors) developed high-titer inhibitors and were withdrawn. No other safety concerns, including thromboembolic events, were identified. In the prophylaxis group (n = 28), 67.9% were bleed free; all bleeds (n = 15) were treated with one N9-GP injection; and overall, spontaneous, and traumatic ABRs were low (median ABRs of 0.0, 0.0, and 0.0, respectively; modeled mean ABRs of 0.31, 0.08, and 0.23, respectively). Estimated mean FIX trough activity was 15.0%.
Conclusion: We report an inhibitor incidence of 6.1%, which is within the expected range for PUPs with hemophilia B. No other safety concerns were identified; moreover, N9-GP provided effective hemostatic coverage.
Keywords: factor IX; hemophilia B; nonacog beta pegol; previously untreated patients; prophylaxis; recombinant proteins.
© 2020 The Authors. Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.