Pouchitis in inflammatory bowel disease: a review of diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment

Intest Res. 2021 Jan;19(1):1-11. doi: 10.5217/ir.2020.00047. Epub 2020 Nov 5.


Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) occasionally need a restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) because of medically refractory colitis or dysplasia/cancer. However, pouchitis may develop in up to 70% of patients after this procedure and significantly impair quality of life, more so if the inflammation becomes a chronic condition. About 10% of patients with IBD who develop pouchitis require pouch excision, and several risk factors of the failure have been reported. A phenotype that has features similar to Crohn's disease may develop in a subset of ulcerative colitis patients following proctocolectomy with IPAA and is the most frequent reason for pouch failure. In this review, we discuss the diagnosis and prognosis of pouchitis, risk factors for pouchitis development, and treatment options for pouchitis, including the newer biological agents.

Keywords: Colitis, ulcerative; Crohn disease; Inflammatory bowel disease; Pouch failure; Pouchitis.

Publication types

  • Review