Injury rates per mile of travel for electric scooters versus motor vehicles

Am J Emerg Med. 2021 Feb;40:166-168. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2020.10.048. Epub 2020 Oct 27.


Objective: This study determined the vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT)-based injury rate for stand-up, dockless electric rental scooters (e-scooters), and compare it with the VMT-based injury rate for motor vehicle travel.

Methods: In this secondary analysis of existing data, the e-scooter injury rate was calculated based on e-scooter injuries presenting to an emergency department or the emergency medical services system in Austin, TX between September and November 2018. Injuries were identified by Austin Public Health through a targeted e-scooter epidemiological injury investigation; e-scooter VMT data were reported by e-scooter vendors as a condition of their city licensing. Comparative injury rates for motor vehicle travel in Texas, and specifically in Travis County were calculated using annual motor vehicle crash (MVC) injury and VMT data reported by the Texas Department of Transportation.

Results: There were 160 confirmed e-scooter injuries identified by the e-scooter injury investigation, with 891,121 reported miles of e-scooter travel during the study period. This produces an injury rate estimate of 180 injuries/million VMT (MVMT). The injury rates for motor vehicle travel for Texas and for Travis County were 0.9 injuries/MVMT and 1.0 injuries/MVMT, respectively.

Conclusion: The observed VMT-based e-scooter injury rate was approximately 175 to 200 times higher than statewide or county specific injury rates for motor vehicle travel. These findings raise concerns about the potential higher injury rate associated with e-scooters, and highlight the need for further injury surveillance, research and prevention activities addressing this emerging transportation technology.

Keywords: E-scooter; Injury; Motorized scooter; Public health; Scooter.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Vehicles*
  • Texas / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*