Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a premature aging disorder, caused by mutation in the gene encoding lamin A/C, which produces a truncated protein called progerin. In cells from HGPS patients, progerin accumulates at the nuclear membrane (NM), where it causes NM deformations. In this study, we investigated whether progerin-induced NM deformation involved ESCRT-III, a protein complex that remodels nuclear and cytoplasmic membranes. The ESCRT-III protein CHMP4B was recruited to sites of aberrant NM proliferation in human cells ectopically expressing progerin and in patient-derived HGPS fibroblasts. Derepression of NM deformation in these cells was observed following depletion of CHMP4B or an ESCRT-III adaptor, ALIX. Treatment with rapamycin (which induce autophagic clearance of progerin and reverse progerin-induced cellular phenotypes) down-regulated progerin-induced NM deformation, whereas treatment with bafilomycin A1 (an inhibitor of autophagy and lysosome-based degradation) or CHMP4B depletion antagonized the effects of rapamycin. These results indicate that the ALIX-mediated ESCRT-III pathway plays a suppressive role in progerin-induced NM deformation and suggest that autophagy down-regulates progerin-induced NM deformation in a manner dependent on ESCRT-III machinery.