A 30-Year (1988-2018) Retrospective Microscopical Evaluation of Dental Implants Retrieved for Different Causes: A Narrative Review

Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 2020 Nov/Dec;40(6):e211-e227. doi: 10.11607/prd.4796.


For decades, the histologic evidence about osseointegration and the bone-implant interface has been discussed in the literature. In this review, the effectiveness of dental implants retrieved for different causes was evaluated. A literature search was performed in databases for papers about implants retrieved from humans published by the Implant Retrieval Center of the University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy. Sixty-eight articles were selected into categories based on topics. The data indicated high level of bone-to-implant contact, lamellar bone close to the surface, roughness related to an increased bone response, organized and remodeled bone after loading, and peri-implant interfaces subjected to a continuous dynamic function.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone and Bones
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous
  • Dental Implants*
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Osseointegration
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surface Properties


  • Dental Implants