Background: Obesity is a growing public health concern. This study aims to identify the association of body mass index (BMI) on postoperative Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12) in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA).
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 2130 patients at a single urban, academic, tertiary institution who underwent primary THA from 2016-2020 with available postoperative FJS-12 scores. Patients were stratified into two groups based on their BMI (kg/m2):<30 (nonobese) and ≥30 (obese). FJS-12 scores were collected postoperatively at 3 months, 1 year, and 2 years. Demographic differences were assessed with chi-square and independent sample t-tests. Mean scores between the groups were compared using multilinear regression analysis, controlling for demographic differences.
Results: Of the 2130 patients included, 1378 were nonobese, and 752 were obese. Although obese patients reported lower FJS-12 scores all time periods, there were no statistical differences between the two groups at 3 months (53.61 vs 49.62;P = .689), 1 year (68.11 vs 62.45; P = .349), and 2 years (73.60 vs 65.58; P = .102). A subanalysis comparing patients who were of normal BMI (<25), overweight (25.0-29.9), and obese (≥30) followed a similar inverse trend in scores but showed no statistical differences at all postoperative time points (3m:P = .612,1y:P = .607,2y:P = .253). Mean improvement in FJS-12 scores from 3 months to 1 year (14.50 vs 12.83; P = .041), 1 year to 2 years (5.49 vs 3.13; P = .004), and from 3 months to 2 years (20.00 vs15.96; P < .001) were significantly greater for nonobese patients compared to obese patients.
Conclusion: While obesity trended toward lower FJS-12 scores, the differences in scores were not statistically significant compared to nonobese patients. BMI did not influence overall FJS-12 scores; however, obese patients achieved a slightly smaller statistical improvement during the first 2 years, though this may not be clinically significant.
Level iii evidence: Retrospective Cohort Study.
Keywords: BMI; Obesity; forgotten joint score; patient-reported outcome measures; total hip arthroplasty.
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