Vaginal Rejuvenation: A Retrospective Review of Lasers and Radiofrequency Devices

Dermatol Surg. 2021 Apr 1;47(4):489-494. doi: 10.1097/DSS.0000000000002845.


Background: Vaginal rejuvenation is a topic of interest to multiple specialties, including dermatologists, plastic and reconstructive surgeons, urologists, and gynecologists. Evidence suggests that minimally invasive, energy-based devices-radiofrequency and laser therapy-are effective at vaginal tightening and decreasing symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) and/or vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA).

Materials and methods: A systematic review was completed using PubMed in November 2018 with search terms "vaginal" or "vagina" and "rejuvenation" or "tightening" or "laxity" or "radiofrequency" or "laser," as well as "genitourinary syndrome of menopause," "pelvic prolapse," "atrophic vaginitis," "vulvovaginal atrophy," "sexual function," "urinary incontinence," and "radiofrequency" or "laser." Inclusion criteria were articles written in English and clinical trials or case reports/series dealing with human subjects.

Results: We identified 59 studies (3,609 women) treated for vaginal rejuvenation using either radiofrequency or fractional ablative laser therapy. Studies report improvement in symptoms of GSM/VVA and sexual function, high patient satisfaction, and minor adverse events, including treatment-associated pain, swelling, or vaginal discharge.

Conclusion: This review demonstrates radiofrequency and laser are efficacious for the treatment of vaginal laxity and/or atrophy. Further research needs to be completed to determine which specific pathologies can be treated, if maintenance treatment is necessary, and long-term safety concerns.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ablation Techniques / instrumentation*
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy / methods*
  • Lasers, Solid-State / therapeutic use*
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Rejuvenation*
  • Vagina / surgery*