Viburnum opulus L.-A Review of Phytochemistry and Biological Effects

Nutrients. 2020 Nov 5;12(11):3398. doi: 10.3390/nu12113398.


Viburnum opulus (VO) is a valuable decorative, medicinal, and food plant. This deciduous shrub is found in natural habitats in Europe, Russia, and some regions in North Africa and North Asia. The VO is traditionally used to treat aliments such as cough, colds, tuberculosis, rheumatic aches, ulcers, stomach, and kidney problems, among others. Many of the health-promoting properties of VO are associated with antioxidant activity, which has been demonstrated in both in vitro and in vivo studies. The results of in vitro studies show the antimicrobial potential of VO, especially against Gram-positive bacteria. In cell-based studies, VO demonstrated anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, anti-diabetic, osteogenic, cardio-protective, and cytoprotective properties. The applicability of VO in the treatment of urinary tract diseases, endometriosis, and some cancers has been confirmed in in vivo studies. The health benefits of VO result from the presence of bioactive components such as phenolic compounds, vitamin C, carotenoids, iridoids, and essential oils. The aim of this review is to present an overview of the botanical characteristics, chemical compositions, including bioactive compounds, and pro-health properties of VO different morphological parts.

Keywords: Viburnum opulus L.; biological activity; nutrients; secondary metabolites.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / analysis
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Minerals / analysis
  • Nutrients / analysis
  • Phytochemicals / pharmacology*
  • Viburnum / anatomy & histology
  • Viburnum / chemistry*


  • Antioxidants
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Minerals
  • Phytochemicals