Transcription in yeast activated by a putative amphipathic alpha helix linked to a DNA binding unit

Nature. 1987 Dec 17-23;330(6149):670-2. doi: 10.1038/330670a0.


Gene activation by a DNA-binding regulatory protein in yeast requires the protein to have two components: one to recognize a specific DNA sequence and a second, the 'activating region', to interact with a general transcription factor or perhaps with RNA polymerase. The activating regions that have been characterized are acidic, and mutational analysis of one indicates that this acidity is important for activity. Here we report the design of an artificial protein bearing a novel 15-amino acid peptide linked to a DNA binding fragment of the yeast regulatory protein GAL4). The synthetic peptide is acidic and should it form an alpha-helix, that helix would be amphipathic, having one hydrophilic face bearing the acidic residues, and one hydrophobic face. When expressed in yeast, the artificial protein bearing this peptide efficiently activates the GAL1 gene which is ordinarily activated by GAL4. An otherwise identical protein with the novel 15 amino acids in a scrambled order, and which is thus unable to form an amphipathic structure, does not activate GAL1 transcription.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Galactose
  • Immunosorbent Techniques
  • Protein Conformation
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Galactose