Immunogenicity of a recombinant DNA hepatitis B vaccine in neonates

Postgrad Med J. 1987;63 Suppl 2:139-41.

Abstract

Infants of HBsAg-positive mothers (Group I) as well as those born to women without HBV markers (Group II) were vaccinated with a 10 micrograms dose of a recombinant DNA hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours after birth according to a 0, 1, and 2 month schedule, with a booster dose planned 12 months later. Vaccination results in 14 (Group I) and 47 (Group II) neonates showed that at two months after the third dose of vaccine, 86% (6/7) and 100% (37/37), respectively, seroconverted, with anti-HBs geometric mean titres of 80 IU/l and 266 IU/l in the respective groups. No adverse reactions to the vaccine were observed. These preliminary results indicate that the recombinant DNA hepatitis B vaccine is safe and highly immunogenic in newborns.

MeSH terms

  • Antigens / therapeutic use*
  • DNA, Recombinant / immunology
  • Hepatitis B / prevention & control*
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Time Factors
  • Vaccination* / adverse effects
  • Vaccines, Synthetic / adverse effects
  • Vaccines, Synthetic / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Antigens
  • DNA, Recombinant
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies
  • Vaccines, Synthetic