Clinical characteristics and disease progression of retinitis pigmentosa associated with PDE6B mutations in Korean patients

Sci Rep. 2020 Nov 11;10(1):19540. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-75902-z.


Due to the genotype-phenotype heterogeneity in retinitis pigmentosa (RP), molecular diagnoses and prediction of disease progression is difficult. This study aimed to report ocular and genetic data from Korean patients with PDE6B-associated RP (PDE6B-RP), and establish genotype-phenotype correlations to predict the clinical course. We retrospectively reviewed targeted next-generation sequencing or whole exome sequencing data for 305 patients with RP, and identified PDE6B-RP in 15 patients (median age, 40.0 years). Amongst these patients, ten previously reported PDE6B variants (c.1280G > A, c.1488del, c.1547T > C, c.1604T > A, c.1669C > T, c.1712C > T, c.2395C > T, c.2492C > T, c.592G > A, and c.815G > A) and one novel variant (c.712del) were identified. Thirteen patients (86.7%) experienced night blindness as the first symptom at a median age of 10.0 years. Median age at diagnosis was 21.0 years and median visual acuity (VA) was 0.20 LogMAR at the time of genetic analysis. Nonlinear mixed models were developed and analysis revealed that VA exponentially decreased over time, while optical coherence tomography parameters linearly decreased, and this was related with visual field constriction. A high proportion of patients with the c.1669C > T variant (7/9, 77.8%) had cystoid macular edema; despite this, patients with this variant did not show a higher rate of functional or structural progression. This study will help clinicians predict functional and structural progression in patients with PDE6B-RP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Asian People / genetics
  • Computer Simulation
  • Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 6 / genetics*
  • Exome Sequencing
  • Female
  • Fundus Oculi
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation*
  • Pedigree
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / diagnostic imaging
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / genetics*
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / pathology
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence
  • Young Adult


  • Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 6
  • PDE6B protein, human