Clinical observation of percutaneous vertebroplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture

J Pak Med Assoc. 2020 Sep;70 [Special Issue](9):84-87.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) on osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture and relevant issues.

Methods: The data of 80 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture admitted to Orthopaedics Department, Huanggang Central Hospital from September 2013 to September 2015 was selected for analysis. The data selection was done from December 2018 to February 2019 Under local anaesthesia and C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy, percutaneous kyphoplasty was performed by puncturing into unilateral (or bilateral) pedicle(s) percutaneously and fixing with bone cement. The degree of lower back pain and the recovery of vertebral height in patients were observed and recorded before surgery, 24 hours and 3 months after surgery.

Results: All of the 80 patients had a successful surgery. After 24 hours of surgery, 47 (58.75%) patients had no lower back pain, 33 (41.25%) had mild dull pain locally; 74 (92.50%) patients were able to have out-of-bed activity on Day1 after surgery, and 6 (7.50%) patients were able to have out-of-bed activity on Day 3 after surgery. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score and percentage of injured vertebra height to original vertebra height 24 hours and 3 months after surgery were significantly better than those before surgery (P<0.01). The VAS score 3 months after surgery was significantly superior to the VAS score 24 hours after surgery (P<0.01). Compared with 24 hours after surgery, the injured vertebra height was lost 3 months after surgery, but it was not statistically significant (P>0.05). There were no complications, such as infection, haematoma, spinal nerve injury and bone cement toxicosis.

Conclusions: In the treatment of thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, PVP can effectively relieve pain, restore vertebral height partially and the efficacy is satisfactory.

Keywords: Percutaneous vertebroplasty, Fracture, Compression, Osteoporotic, Lumbar spine..

MeSH terms

  • Bone Cements / therapeutic use
  • Fractures, Compression* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Kyphoplasty*
  • Osteoporotic Fractures* / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Spinal Fractures* / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vertebroplasty*

Substances

  • Bone Cements