The paediatrician as a leader: A resident educational intervention for high-value care

Paediatr Child Health. 2019 Nov 19;25(7):409-413. doi: 10.1093/pch/pxz146. eCollection 2020 Nov.


The American College of Physicians defines high-value care (HVC) as health care that balances clinical benefit with costs and harms with the goal of improving patient outcomes. We present a novel 2-hour workshop developed for general paediatric residents designed to promote reflective practice on resource stewardship and raise awareness of costs of medical care in hospitalized children. The workshop impact was assessed quantitatively and qualitatively. Preworkshop, 2-week postworkshop, and 6-month postworkshop electronic surveys were completed by 18 of 43 workshop participants (42% survey participation rate, 100% follow-up in postworkshop surveys) revealing increased knowledge and retention. Thematic analysis performed on 'lessons learned' and 'action plans' provided by participants at the end of the workshop yielded rich data with key findings from learners that included critical thinking about their management and reflecting on nonmonetary costs. Future directions include faculty development and assessment of impact on patient care.

Keywords: Clinical decision making; Cost of illness; Medical education.