Upper cervical spine dysfunction and dizziness

J Exerc Rehabil. 2020 Oct 27;16(5):385-391. doi: 10.12965/jer.2040612.306. eCollection 2020 Oct.


Although various causes of dizziness have been identified, many patients suffer from dizziness of unknown etiology and continue to visit hospitals to resolve their symptoms. Problems that occur in the ligaments or muscles of the upper cervical spine can cause confusion in proprioception. These changes can convey misinformation to the vestibular nucleus, resulting in abnormal reactions that can lead to cervicogenic dizziness (CGD). Though CGD remains controversial, it should be considered while diagnosing patients with dizziness. Understanding CGD can help create treatment strategies for them. This article suggested a relationship between the structure and function of the upper cervical spine and dizziness, and presented evaluations and treatments for the same.

Keywords: Cervical vertebrae; Cervicogenic dizziness; Dizziness.

Publication types

  • Review