OpenProt 2021: deeper functional annotation of the coding potential of eukaryotic genomes

Nucleic Acids Res. 2021 Jan 8;49(D1):D380-D388. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkaa1036.


OpenProt ( is the first proteogenomic resource supporting a polycistronic annotation model for eukaryotic genomes. It provides a deeper annotation of open reading frames (ORFs) while mining experimental data for supporting evidence using cutting-edge algorithms. This update presents the major improvements since the initial release of OpenProt. All species support recent NCBI RefSeq and Ensembl annotations, with changes in annotations being reported in OpenProt. Using the 131 ribosome profiling datasets re-analysed by OpenProt to date, non-AUG initiation starts are reported alongside a confidence score of the initiating codon. From the 177 mass spectrometry datasets re-analysed by OpenProt to date, the unicity of the detected peptides is controlled at each implementation. Furthermore, to guide the users, detectability statistics and protein relationships (isoforms) are now reported for each protein. Finally, to foster access to deeper ORF annotation independently of one's bioinformatics skills or computational resources, OpenProt now offers a data analysis platform. Users can submit their dataset for analysis and receive the results from the analysis by OpenProt. All data on OpenProt are freely available and downloadable for each species, the release-based format ensuring a continuous access to the data. Thus, OpenProt enables a more comprehensive annotation of eukaryotic genomes and fosters functional proteomic discoveries.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Databases, Protein*
  • Eukaryota / genetics*
  • Genome*
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation*
  • Open Reading Frames / genetics*
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Proteogenomics
  • Ribosomes / metabolism
  • User-Computer Interface


  • Protein Isoforms