Rheumatology Milestones 2.0: A Roadmap for Competency-Based Medical Training of Rheumatology Fellows in the 21st Century

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2022 Apr;74(4):675-685. doi: 10.1002/acr.24507. Epub 2022 Feb 25.


Objective: Since 2014, rheumatology fellows have been assessed not only based on their ability to provide patient care and possession of medical knowledge but also on their skill in serving as patient advocates, navigators of health systems, and members of a health care team. Such assessments have been carried out through the use of competency-based milestones from the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). However, a needs assessment has demonstrated interest in more context validity and subspecialty relevance since the development of the ACGME internal medicine (IM) subspecialty reporting milestones. The ACGME thus created a milestones working group, and the present study was undertaken to develop Rheumatology Milestones 2.0 as well as a supplemental guide to assist with implementation.

Methods: The working group, consisting of 7 rheumatology program directors, 2 division directors, a community practice rheumatologist, a rheumatology fellow in training, and a public member who is a rheumatology patient, was overseen by the ACGME vice president for milestones development and met through three 12-hour, in-person meetings to compose the rheumatology specialty milestones and supplemental guide within the ACGME Milestones 2.0 project.

Results: Informed by the needs assessment data and stakeholders, the working group revised and adapted the ACGME IM subspecialty reporting milestones to create a rheumatology-specific set of milestones and a supplemental guide for their implementation.

Conclusion: The Rheumatology Milestones 2.0 provides a specialty-specific, competency-based evaluation tool that can be used by program directors, clinical competency committees, and others to assess the competencies of rheumatology fellows during training and help measure readiness for independent practice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accreditation
  • Clinical Competence
  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Humans
  • Internal Medicine / education
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Rheumatology* / education