Respiratory infections in smokers

Am Fam Physician. 1987 Nov;36(5):133-40.


Cigarette smoking alters lung anatomy and physiology and impairs host immunity long before the appearance of overt chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These changes promote more frequent and more severe lower respiratory tract infections. Optimal management of patients who continue to smoke includes accurate and early diagnosis of respiratory tract infections and selective use of appropriate antibiotics. Specific interventions can help patients stop smoking.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Respiratory Tract Infections* / immunology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections* / microbiology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections* / therapy
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Smoking Prevention