Preserving immune homeostasis with A20

Adv Immunol. 2020:148:1-48. doi: 10.1016/bs.ai.2020.10.001. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Abstract

A20/TNFAIP3 is a TNF induced gene that plays a profound role in preserving cellular and organismal homeostasis (Lee, et al., 2000; Opipari etal., 1990). This protein has been linked to multiple human diseases via genetic, epigenetic, and an emerging series of patients with mono-allelic coding mutations. Diverse cellular functions of this pleiotropically expressed protein include immune-suppressive, anti-inflammatory, and cell protective functions. The A20 protein regulates ubiquitin dependent cell signals; however, the biochemical mechanisms by which it performs these functions is surprisingly complex. Deciphering these cellular and biochemical facets of A20 dependent biology should greatly improve our understanding of murine and human disease pathophysiology as well as unveil new mechanisms of cell and tissue biology.

Keywords: Autoimmunity; Cell death; Inflammation; NF-κB; Ubiquitin.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autoimmunity
  • Cell Death
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha-Induced Protein 3 / metabolism*

Substances

  • TNFAIP3 protein, human
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha-Induced Protein 3