Lactate dehydrogenase A inhibition by small molecular entities: steps in the right direction

Oncoscience. 2020 Sep 9;7(9-10):76-80. doi: 10.18632/oncoscience.519. eCollection 2020 Sep.


Direct targeting of energy metabolism to defeat cancer is not a recent strategy. Although quite a few drugs use cellular metabolism for their antitumor effect, no direct inhibitors of energy metabolism have been approved by the FDA. Currently, several inhibitors of lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A), a key player in glycolysis, are in development. Earlier, we demonstrated the efficacy of N-hydroxyindole-based LDH-A inhibitors in different cancer types. In this study we describe the efficacy of NHI-Glc-2, which is designed to dual target cancer cells, by exploiting a simultaneous enhanced glucose uptake by overexpressed glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) and by inhibition of LDH-A. NHI-Glc-2 inhibits LDH-A enzyme activity, PANC-1 cell growth and disrupts spheroid integrity, with an overall effect that is more pronounced when combined with gemcitabine.

Keywords: LDH-A; NHI-Glc-2; glycolysis; warburg.