Six aerobic, non-motile, non-haemolytic, Gram-stain-negative, oxidase-negative strains (185T, 187, 323-1T, 194, dk386T and dk771) were recovered from different faecal samples of Equus kiang on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. In the 16S rRNA gene sequences, one strain pair, 185T/187, shared highest similarity to Acinetobacter equi 114T (97.9 %), and the other two (323-1T/194 and dk771T/dk386) to Acinetobacter harbinensis CGMCC 1.12528T (98.6 and 97.0 %, respectively). Phylogenomic tree analysis showed that these six strains formed three separate clades in the genus Acinetobacter. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization values of each pair of the isolates with all members of the genus Acinetobacter were far below 70 %. The main cellular fatty acids of all six strains were C18 : 1 ω9c, C16 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c). Q-9 was the predominant respiratory quinone for strains 185T, 323-1T and dk386T. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. Based on the genotypic, phenotypic and biochemical analyses, these six strains represent three novel species of the genus Acinetobacter, for which the names Acinetobacter lanii sp. nov., Acinetobacter shaoyimingii sp. nov. and Acinetobacter wanghuae sp. nov. are proposed. The type strains are 185T (=CGMCC 1.13636T=JCM 33607T), 323-1T (=CGMCC 1.13940T=JCM 33608T) and dk386T (=CGMCC 1.16589T=JCM 33592T), respectively.
Keywords: Acinetobacter lanii; Acinetobacter shaoyimingii; Acinetobacter wanghuae; Equus kiang; Qinghai–Tibet Plateau.