An individual's T cell repertoire is skewed towards some specificities as a result of past antigen exposure and subsequent clonal expansion. Identifying T cell receptor signatures associated with a disease is challenging due to the overall complexity of antigens and polymorphic HLA allotypes. In celiac disease, the antigen epitopes are well characterised and the specific HLA-DQ2-restricted T-cell repertoire associated with the disease has been explored in depth. By investigating T cell receptor repertoires of unsorted lamina propria T cells from 15 individuals, we provide the first proof-of-concept study showing that it could be possible to infer disease state by matching against a priori known disease-associated T cell receptor sequences.
Keywords: CD4+ T cells; Celiac disease; Disease inference; High-throughput sequencing; TCR repertoire.
Copyright © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.