The acute effects of vinyasa flow yoga on vascular function, lipid and glucose concentrations, and mood

Complement Ther Med. 2021 Jan:56:102585. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2020.102585. Epub 2020 Oct 7.


While the chronic effects of certain styles of yoga on cardiometabolic factors have been investigated, little is known about the acute effects of a single yoga session on these outcomes. Moreover, vinyasa yoga's potential to modulate cardiometabolic outcomes has not been established. The purpose of this study is to determine the acute effects of a vinyasa yoga session on arterial stiffness, wave reflection, lipid and glucose concentrations, and mood in adults with prior yoga experience. Thirty yoga practitioners with a minimum of 3 months of practice experience were enrolled into the study. Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), augmentation index (AIx), lipid profile, glucose concentrations, and mood (Positive and Negative Affect Scale) were assessed at baseline and immediately following a 1 -h vinyasa yoga session. After the yoga session, participants had significantly lower AIx (p < 0.001), non-HDL cholesterol (p < 0.05), and negative affect (p < 0.01) compared to baseline. These results highlight the efficacy of a single bout of yoga in altering wave reflection while improving mood and lipid concentrations in healthy adults with a history of yoga practice.

Keywords: Acute exercise; Alternative exercise; Augmentation index; Cardiovascular disease; Yoga.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Affect / physiology
  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pulse Wave Analysis
  • Vascular Stiffness / physiology*
  • Yoga*
  • Young Adult


  • Blood Glucose
  • Lipids