Autonomic neuropathy and urologic complications in diabetes

Auton Neurosci. 2020 Dec;229:102736. doi: 10.1016/j.autneu.2020.102736. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Abstract

Diabetic autonomic neuropathy affects the entire autonomic nervous system and can lead to dysfunction of the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary organ systems. Genitourinary dysfunction associated with diabetic autonomic neuropathy includes diabetic bladder dysfunction, sexual dysfunction, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Urological complications in diabetes mellitus are very common; in fact, genitourinary complications are more common than diabetic neuropathy or nephropathy. While several studies have reported on genitourinary dysfunction in individuals with diabetes, UroEDIC, an ancillary study to the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) and its observational follow up, the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study (EDIC), comprehensively characterized the association between urologic complications and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy. UroEDIC demonstrated significant associations between autonomic neuropathy and urologic complications in type 1 diabetes, specifically erectile dysfunction, female sexual dysfunction, and lower urinary tract symptoms. In this narrative review, we review the current literature on urological complications in diabetes.

Keywords: Autonomic neuropathy; Bladder dysfunction; Diabetes; Erectile dysfunction; Sexual dysfunction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Autonomic Nervous System Diseases / etiology*
  • Diabetes Complications / complications*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological / etiology*
  • Urinary Bladder Diseases / etiology*