Pros and Cons of Left Bundle Branch Pacing: A Single-Center Experience

Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2020 Dec;13(12):e008874. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.120.008874. Epub 2020 Nov 16.


Background: Left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) has recently emerged as a promising alternative modality for conduction system pacing. However, limited real-world data exists on the advantages and complications associated with LBBP. We analyzed the Rush conduction system pacing registry on LBBP to assess the success rates and complications associated with LBBP.

Methods: All patients with an indication for permanent pacemaker or cardiac resynchronization therapy that underwent LBBP for various reasons from June 2018 to April 2020 were included in the analysis.

Results: A total of 57 of 59 patients underwent successful LBBP (success rate 97%). The average follow-up duration was 6.2±5 months. The implanted devices included 38 dual-chamber pacemakers, 17 cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators, and 2 cardiac resynchronization therapy pacing systems. The most common reason for performing LBBP was a high His-Bundle pacing threshold (n=23) at implant. The mean LBBP capture threshold at implant was 0.62±0.21 V at 0.4 ms which remained stable during follow-up at 0.65±0.68 V at 0.4ms. In 21 patients with cardiomyopathy, there was a significant improvement in left ventricle ejection fraction from 30±11% to 42±15%. A total of 7 lead-related complications (12.3%) were noted in the follow-up period. Three patients (5.3%) required lead revision during the follow-up period. Interventricular septal perforation occurred (as late sequela) after 2 weeks in one patient.

Conclusions: LBBP can be achieved with a high success rate and low capture thresholds. Left ventricular dysfunction improved significantly during follow-up. Lead-related complications were relatively common occurring in 12.3% of initially successful implants. Lead revision was required in 3 (5%) of patients.

Keywords: cardiac conduction system disease; cardiac resynchronization therapy; cardiomyopathy; complications; defibrillator; electrophysiology; ventricular septum.

Publication types

  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / therapy*
  • Bundle of His / physiopathology*
  • Cardiac Pacing, Artificial* / adverse effects
  • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
  • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices
  • Chicago
  • Female
  • Heart Rate*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pacemaker, Artificial*
  • Recovery of Function
  • Registries
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology
  • Ventricular Function, Left