Safety and Efficacy of Bipolar Transurethral Resection of the Prostate vs Monopolar Transurethral Resection of Prostate in the Treatment of Moderate-Large Volume Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

J Endourol. 2021 May;35(5):663-673. doi: 10.1089/end.2020.0840. Epub 2020 Dec 28.


Aims: To compare outcomes of monopolar vs bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in the management of exclusively moderate-large volume prostatic hyperplasia in terms of maximum flow rate as a surrogate for clinical efficacy, duration of catheterization, hospital stay, operative time, resection weight, transurethral resection (TUR) syndrome, acute urinary retention (AUR), clot retention, and blood transfusion. Methods: We conducted a search of electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and CENTRAL), identifying studies comparing the outcomes of monopolar and bipolar TURP in the management of large-volume prostatic hyperplasia. The Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for observational studies were used to assess included studies. Random effects modeling was used to calculate pooled outcome data. Results: Three RCTs and four observational studies were identified, enrolling 496 patients. No difference was observed in the clinical efficacy between each procedure at 3 months postoperatively (p = 0.99), 6 months (p = 0.46), and 12 months (p = 0.29). The use of bipolar TURP was associated with significantly shorter inpatient stay (p = 0.01) and a shorter duration of catheterization (p = 0.05). Monopolar TURP was associated with an increased risk of TUR syndrome (p = 0.03). Operative time (p = 0.58), resection weight (p = 0.16), AUR (p = 0.96), clot retention (p = 0.79), and blood transfusion (p = 0.39) were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Our meta-analysis demonstrated that bipolar TURP in the treatment of moderate-large volume prostatic disease may be associated with a significantly lower rate of TUR syndrome and shortened length of hospital stay, with similar efficacy when compared with monopolar TURP. Further high-quality RCTs with adequate sample sizes are required to compare both monopolar and bipolar TURP to open prostatectomy or laser enucleation in the treatment of exclusively large-volume prostates with stricter definition of size.

Keywords: benign prostatic hyperplasia; bipolar; monopolar; transurethral resection of the prostate.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia* / surgery
  • Transurethral Resection of Prostate* / adverse effects
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures