Off-Clamp Robot-Assisted Partial Nephrectomy: Is There Something More to Achieve Optimal Trifecta Outcomes?

J Endourol. 2021 Aug;35(8):1153-1157. doi: 10.1089/end.2020.0747. Epub 2020 Dec 17.


Objectives: To report trifecta outcomes of our "off-clamp" partial nephrectomy (PN) patients operated without main renal artery and/or any selective/superselective clamping. Materials and Methods: Between April 2008 and March 2020, 52 patients received "off-clamp" robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. Postoperative sixth month estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and eGFR decrease were considered for renal function evaluation. Patients with negative surgical margins, <15% postoperative eGFR decrease and absence of grade ≥2 Clavien-Dindo complications were reported to achieve trifecta outcomes. Results: Mean age and body mass index of the patients were 57.51 ± 12.99 years and 27.23 ± 4.35 kg/m2, respectively. Mean preoperative hematocrit, serum creatinine, and eGFR were 42.01 ± 3.86%, 0.92 ± 0.28 mg/dL, and 85.26 ± 21.27 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. Mean tumor size was 30.32 ± 13.64 mm. Mean PADUA and RENAL scores were 7.63 ± 1.46 and 6.21 ± 1.63, respectively. One patient had focal surgical margin positivity. Mean console time and estimated blood loss was 82.11 ± 38.51 minutes and 280.76 ± 278.98 mL, respectively. Complications were observed in two (4%) patients (one Clavien I, one Clavien IIIB). At postoperative sixth month, serum creatinine and eGFR were 0.95 ± 0.32 mg/dL and 83.65 ± 22.44 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. Eventually seven patients had ≥15% postoperative eGFR decrease, one patient had grade ≥2 complication and one patient had positive surgical margin. Forty-three (83%) patients fulfilled trifecta outcomes. Conclusion: Off-clamp PN is important for optimal renal function preservation. Patient selection and additional operative measures along with experience in robotic procedure can contribute achievement of optimal trifecta outcomes.

Keywords: laparoscopy malignant disease; renal cancer; robotics.

MeSH terms

  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Nephrectomy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures*
  • Robotics*
  • Treatment Outcome