Legionella birminghamensis sp. nov. isolated from a cardiac transplant recipient

J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Nov;25(11):2120-2. doi: 10.1128/jcm.25.11.2120-2122.1987.


A Legionella-like organism, strain 1407-AL-H, was isolated from a transbronchial lung biopsy specimen from a cardiac transplant recipient undergoing immunosuppressive therapy. The strain grew on buffered charcoal-yeast extract agar (BCYE) but not on BCYE in the absence of cysteine, and it showed gas-liquid chromatographic fatty acid profiles that were predominantly branch chained. Strain 1407-AL-H was antigenically distinct in slide agglutination tests from the 23 Legionella species and 39 serogroups previously described. DNA hybridization studies placed it in a new Legionella species, Legionella birminghamensis (ATCC 43702).

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Agglutination Tests
  • DNA, Bacterial / analysis
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Heart Transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppression Therapy
  • Legionella / analysis
  • Legionella / classification*
  • Legionella / growth & development
  • Legionella / isolation & purification
  • Legionellosis / microbiology*
  • Lung / microbiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids