The Delphi technique: a critique

J Adv Nurs. 1987 Nov;12(6):729-34. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.1987.tb01376.x.


The development of the Delphi technique, as a survey method of research, and examples of its use are described. The technique's key characteristics, anonymity, use of experts and controlled feedback, are examined. The method's usefulness in structuring group communication for the discussion of specific issues and as an aid to policy making is discussed in the light of the technique's perceived drawbacks and limitations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Delphi Technique*
  • Humans
  • Nursing
  • Research
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*