Biological agents have had an increased usage during the past years, also in pediatric population. Monoclonal antibodies can cause adverse drug reactions with different pathomechanisms, including type I IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions (HR). In this report, we describe 2 children who had a diagnosis of anaphylaxis to rituximab (RTX), confirmed by positive in vivo tests in both cases and elevated tryptase value in one case. We also made a review of the few cases of HR to RTX in pediatric population reported in literature and discuss differential diagnosis and utility of allergy investigations.
Keywords: Allergy workup; Children; Hypersensitivity reaction; Pediatrics; Rituximab.
© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.