Flipped classroom versus traditional lecture in training undergraduates in pediatric epilepsy

J Family Med Prim Care. 2020 Sep 30;9(9):4805-4808. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_816_20. eCollection 2020 Sep.


Introduction: Pedagogical constructs such as flipped classroom are used to engage students in the learning process by their active participation. The aim of the present study was to compare the two models of flipped classroom and traditional lecture in training undergraduates in pediatric epilepsy.

Methods: The study was conducted among the 3rd-year undergraduate medical students. They were divided to either of Group I or II. Pediatric epilepsy was taught in two parts (clinical diagnosis and management). Group I received Part A as traditional lecture and Part B as the flipped classroom and the reverse for Group II. The difference in posttest and pretest scores was compared between two groups for each part.

Results: There was a significant increase in posttest scores when compared to pretest scores in both the groups. Mean (standard deviation [SD]) difference in scores for epilepsy diagnosis was comparable in Group I (3.33 [2.3]) and Group II (2.46 [2.17]) (P = 0.16). Mean (SD) difference in scores for epilepsy management was significantly higher in Group I (3.41 [2.09]) when compared to Group II (1.30 [1.84]) (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: Flipped classroom model resulted in better scores than the traditional teaching method for training undergraduates in the management of epilepsy in children. This teaching-learning method could be adopted in training of primary care physicians.

Keywords: Epilepsy training; medical education; medical teacher; professional competence.