Recycled cooking oil (RCO) is widely used in many small restaurants. However, the health risk posed by long-term consumption of RCO is unclear. In this study, C57 mice were treated with RCO for 34 weeks. Organ coefficients of the liver, stomach, and kidney were found to be decreased. H&E staining revealed overt lesions in the pancreas, liver, kidney, esophagus, duodenum, and ileum of RCO-treated mice. Immunohistochemistry showed significant DNA damage in the duodenum and ileum and apoptosis in the lungs of the RCO-treated mice. Immunoblotting showed elevated levels of γ-H2AX, Bcl-2/Bax, TNFα, cleaved Caspase-3 and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP). Increased levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and decreased levels of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) were also detected. These findings suggest that long-term consumption of RCO produces various toxicities in mice with important implications for humans. DNA damage followed by mitochondria-associated apoptosis, and necrosis is likely to contribute to the toxicities.
Keywords: C57 mice; DNA damage; apoptosis; recycled cooking oil; toxicity.
© 2020 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.