Medical Undergraduates' Perceptions on Medical Humanities Course in Nepal

J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2020 Nov 14;18(3):436-441. doi: 10.33314/jnhrc.v18i3.2568.

Abstract

Background: Medical humanities is taught in medical schools in the western countries, partly to address the lack of compassion within healthcare. It seeks to develop understanding of human experiences relating to disease, disability and death, through humanities, arts and social sciences. In 2018, Patan Academy of Health Sciences Nepal introduced an eight-week medical humanities course for new medical students. This study aims to evaluate the course from the student participants' view, exploring their perceptions and experiences.

Methods: A mixed method study was used to assess the perceptions of 65 students who completed a semi-structured survey, comprising eight items, with five point- Likert scale and three open response questions. Quantitative data was analysed with results expressed as mean, standard deviation and percentage. Qualitative data was coded and analysed thematically.

Results: The students' perception of the course was strongly positive where 98.5% agreed or strongly agreed it was enjoyable and interesting (items 1,2) and should be continued (item 9). 97% agreed or strongly agreed it made them think differently (item 5) and 96.9% that it was relevant to future careers (item 6). 96.9% agreed or strongly agreed the course helped them understand doctor's caring roles (item 10) and 92.3% believed it will make them better doctors (item 11). Three themes emerged from open response questions related to perceptions- enjoyable and interesting, positive personal impact and valuable and important.

Conclusions: The students had positive perceptions of the medical humanities course, recognizing its' impact, importance and its value in medical education. Its expansion in the undergraduate curriculum should be considered.

Keywords: Evaluation;medical humanities; Nepal; perceptions;students..