Aim: To determine the relationship between myocardial work (MW) indices derived from non-invasive pressure-strain loops (PSL) and established parameters of left ventricular (LV) performance in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and heart failure (HF) with preserved or mid-range ejection fraction (HFpEF/HFmrEF).
Material and methods: Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) was used to determine MW indices and global longitudinal strain (GLS) in the first 24-48 hours after admission in patients with AMI, HF symptoms, NT-proBNP >300 pg/mL and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >40%. MW was calculated by using PSL, which combine strain and non-invasive blood pressure measurement. Global MW index (GWI) was defined as the work inside the area of the PSL.
Results: Forty-nine patients (mean age 68±13 years) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Both GWI (1057±338 mmHg%) and GLS (-10.4±3.3%) were reduced in the majority of the patients. However, a proportion of patients with abnormal GLS showed normal GWI. There was a strong inverse relationship between GWI and GLS (r=-0.81). GWI demonstrated a strong relationship with LVEF (r=0.69) and a moderate correlation to NT-proBNP (n=-0.29). NT-proBNP showed a tendency to higher values in patients with more reduced GWI (820 [590-2550] vs 707 [460-1335], p=0.17). Out of the diastolic dysfunction parameters, GWI showed moderate correlations to LA volume index (r-0.29), E/A (r=-0.23) and E/e' (r=-0.39), which were also significantly more impaired in patients with more reduced GWI.
Conclusion: Non-invasive PSL might bring further information to LVEF and GLS in patients AMI at the early stages of HFpEF/HFmrEF, since LV performance depends on both contractile properties and variations in load in the ischemic segments.