Loss of genetic variation in the two-locus multiallelic haploid model

Theor Popul Biol. 2020 Dec;136:12-21. doi: 10.1016/j.tpb.2020.10.001. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Abstract

In the evolutionary biology literature, it is generally assumed that for deterministic frequency-independent haploid selection models, no polymorphic equilibrium can be stable in the absence of variation-generating mechanisms such as mutation. However, mathematical analyses that corroborate this claim are scarce and almost always depend upon additional assumptions. Using ideas from game theory, we show that a monomorphism is a global attractor if one of its alleles dominates all other alleles at its locus. Further, we show that no isolated equilibrium exists, at which an unequal number of alleles from two loci is present. Under the assumption of convergence of trajectories to equilibrium points, we resolve the two-locus three-allele case for a fitness scheme formally equivalent to the classical symmetric viability model. We also provide an alternative proof for the two-locus two-allele case.

Keywords: Genetic variation; Global stability; Haploid population; Recombination; Selection; Unstable equilibria.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles*
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Haploidy
  • Models, Genetic*
  • Selection, Genetic