Cohort profile: Singapore Preconception Study of Long-Term Maternal and Child Outcomes (S-PRESTO)

Eur J Epidemiol. 2021 Jan;36(1):129-142. doi: 10.1007/s10654-020-00697-2. Epub 2020 Nov 21.


The Singapore Preconception Study of Long-Term Maternal and Child Outcomes (S-PRESTO) is a preconception, longitudinal cohort study that aims to study the effects of nutrition, lifestyle, and maternal mood prior to and during pregnancy on the epigenome of the offspring and clinically important outcomes including duration of gestation, fetal growth, metabolic and neural phenotypes in the offspring. Between February 2015 and October 2017, the S-PRESTO study recruited 1039 Chinese, Malay or Indian (or any combinations thereof) women aged 18-45 years and who intended to get pregnant and deliver in Singapore, resulting in 1032 unique participants and 373 children born in the cohort. The participants were followed up for 3 visits during the preconception phase and censored at 12 months of follow up if pregnancy was not achieved (N = 557 censored). Women who successfully conceived (N = 475) were characterised at gestational weeks 6-8, 11-13, 18-21, 24-26, 27-28 and 34-36. Follow up of their index offspring (N = 373 singletons) is on-going at birth, 1, 3 and 6 weeks, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months and beyond. Women are also being followed up post-delivery. Data is collected via interviewer-administered questionnaires, metabolic imaging (magnetic resonance imaging), standardized anthropometric measurements and collection of diverse specimens, i.e. blood, urine, buccal smear, stool, skin tapes, epithelial swabs at numerous timepoints. S-PRESTO has extensive repeated data collected which include genetic and epigenetic sampling from preconception which is unique in mother-offspring epidemiological cohorts. This enables prospective assessment of a wide array of potential determinants of future health outcomes in women from preconception to post-delivery and in their offspring across the earliest development from embryonic stages into early childhood. In addition, the S-PRESTO study draws from the three major Asian ethnic groups that represent 50% of the global population, increasing the relevance of its findings to global efforts to address non-communicable diseases.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Maternal Behavior*
  • Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Population Surveillance / methods*
  • Preconception Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology
  • Prenatal Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Assessment
  • Singapore / epidemiology
  • Young Adult