Background: This study aims to evaluate allograft and patient outcomes among recipients of kidney transplants after non-renal solid organ transplants. We also aim to compare our findings with recipients of a repeat kidney transplant.
Methods: We performed an analysis on kidney transplant recipients who underwent kidney transplantation after a non-renal solid organ transplant. Survival data were stratified into 2 groups: Group A (n = 37) consisted of recipients of a kidney transplant after prior non-renal solid organ transplant, and Group B (n = 330) consisted of recipients of a repeat kidney transplant.
Results: The 1-,5-, and 10-year graft survival (death-censored) for recipients of a kidney transplant post-non-renal solid organ transplant (Group A) were 97.3%, 91.5%, and 86.9%, compared with 97.9%, 90.2%, and 83.4% for recipients of a repeat kidney transplant (Group B) (p = .32). The 1-, 5-, and 10-year patient survival rates were 97.3%, 82.7%, and 79.1% in Group A compared to 97.9%, 90.2%, and 83.4% in Group B. Unadjusted overall patient survival was significantly lower for Group A (p = .017).
Conclusion: Kidney transplant recipients who have undergone a previous non-renal solid organ transplant have similar allograft survival outcomes, but higher long-term mortality rates compared to repeat kidney transplant recipients.
Keywords: calcineurin inhibitor toxicity; graft outcome; kidney transplant; non-renal solid organ transplant; repeat kidney transplant.
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