The United States is the only industrialized nation with an increasing maternal mortality. Many factors contribute to this worrisome US trend; among them, social and demographic factors, and congenital and acquired cardiac conditions. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of maternal mortality, and adverse outcomes related to cardiovascular disease disproportionately affect black and Hispanic mothers. This article addresses knowledge gaps related to the treatment of heart disease in pregnancy, initiatives to address these gaps, and guidelines and best practices surrounding the care of women affected by cardiovascular disease and their babies affected by cardiovascular disease.
Keywords: Cardio-obstetrics; Cardiovascular; Maternal mortality.
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