OASIS 1: Retrospective analysis of four different microprocessor knee types

J Rehabil Assist Technol Eng. 2020 Nov 5;7:2055668320968476. doi: 10.1177/2055668320968476. eCollection Jan-Dec 2020.

Abstract

Introduction: Microprocessor knee analyses to date have been primarily limited to microprocessor knees as a category rather than comparisons across different models. The purpose of the current analysis was to compare outcomes from four common knee models.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical outcomes was performed. Outcomes for functional mobility, quality of life, satisfaction with amputee status, and injurious falls were compared. Specific knee types represented were C-Leg (Ottobock), Orion (Blatchford), Plié (Freedom Innovations), and Rheo (Össur).

Results: Outcomes from 602 individuals were included. No significant differences were noted for functional mobility (H = 2.91, p = 0.406) or satisfaction (H = 4.43, p = 0.219). For quality of life, differences existed for C-Leg versus Plié (p = 0.010). For injurious falls, C-Leg (χ2 (1,137) = 10.99, p < 0.001) and Orion (χ2 (1,119) = 4.34, p = 0.037) resulted in significantly reduced injurious falls compared to non-microprocessor knee users. C-Leg (H = 19.63, p < 0.001) and Plié (H = 14.04, p = 0.003) users saw declines with advanced aging.

Conclusions: Our data indicate relative parity among the 4 microprocessor knees with regard to functional mobility and satisfaction. In contrast to mobility, neither satisfaction nor quality of life values reflected declines with aging. Finally, when compared to non-microprocessor knees, significant differences were observed across the microprocessor knee types in relation to the reduction of injurious falls.Keywords: MPK, mobility, quality of life, falls, amputee, outcomes.