Multiorder Nonlinear Mixing in Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Nano Lett. 2020 Dec 9;20(12):8725-8732. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c03559. Epub 2020 Nov 24.


Whereas most of the reports on the nonlinear properties of micro- and nanostructures address the generation of distinct signals, such as second or third harmonic, here we demonstrate that the novel generation of dual output lasers recently developed for microscopy can readily increase the accessible parameter space and enable the simultaneous excitation and detection of multiple emission orders such as several harmonics and signals stemming from various sum and difference frequency mixing processes. This rich response, which in our case features 10 distinct emissions and encompasses the whole spectral range from the deep ultraviolet to the short-wave infrared region, is demonstrated using various nonlinear oxide nanomaterials while being characterized and simulated temporally and spectrally. Notably, we show that the response is conserved when the particles are embedded in biological media opening the way to novel biolabeling and phototriggering strategies.

Keywords: Dielectric Nanoparticles; Frequency Mixing; Harmonic Generation; Metal Oxides; Nonlinear Microscopy; Ultrafast Optics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Lasers
  • Metal Nanoparticles*
  • Nanostructures*
  • Oxides


  • Oxides