Proteomics analysis of serum small extracellular vesicles for the longitudinal study of a glioblastoma multiforme mouse model

Sci Rep. 2020 Nov 24;10(1):20498. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-77535-8.


Longitudinal analysis of disease models enables the molecular changes due to disease progression or therapeutic intervention to be better resolved. Approximately 75 µl of serum can be drawn from a mouse every 14 days. To date no methods have been reported that are able to analyze the proteome of small extracellular vesicles (sEV's) from such low serum volumes. Here we report a method for the proteomics analysis of sEV's from 50 µl of serum. Two sEV isolation procedures were first compared; precipitation based purification (PPT) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC). The methodological comparison confirmed that SEC led to purer sEV's both in terms of size and identified proteins. The procedure was then scaled down and the proteolytic digestion further optimized. The method was then applied to a longitudinal study of serum-sEV proteome changes in a glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) mouse model. Serum was collected at multiple time points, sEV's isolated and their proteins analyzed. The protocol enabled 274 protein groups to be identified and quantified. The longitudinal analysis revealed 25 deregulated proteins in GBM serum sEV's including proteins previously shown to be associated with GBM progression and metastasis (Myh9, Tln-1, Angpt1, Thbs1).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain Neoplasms / blood*
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Extracellular Vesicles / metabolism*
  • Extracellular Vesicles / ultrastructure
  • Glioblastoma / blood*
  • Glioblastoma / pathology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Proteolysis
  • Proteomics*