The enhancement of aminonucleoside nephrosis by the co-administration of protamine

Kidney Int. 1987 Nov;32(5):691-9. doi: 10.1038/ki.1987.262.


An experimental model of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis (FSGS) was developed in rats by the combined administration of puromycin-aminonucleoside (AMNS) and protamine sulfate (PS). Male Sprague-Dawley rats, uninephrectomized three weeks before, received daily injections of subcutaneous AMNS (1 mg/100 g body wt) and intravenous PS (2 separated doses of 2.5 mg/100 g body wt) for four days. The series of injections were repeated another three times at 10 day intervals. The animals were sacrificed on days 24, 52, and 80. They developed nephrotic syndrome and finally renal failure. The time-course curve of creatinine clearance dropped and showed significant difference (P less than 0.01) from that of each control group, such as, AMNS alone, PS alone or saline injected. Their glomeruli showed changes of progressive FSGS. The ultrastructural studies in the initial stage revealed significant lack of particles of perfused ruthenium red on the lamina rara externa and marked changes in epithelial cell cytoplasm. Therefore, it is suggested that the administration of PS enhances the toxicity of AMNS on the glomerulus and readily produces progressive FSGS in rats resulting in the end-stage renal disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Complement C3 / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Glomerulonephritis / chemically induced*
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / chemically induced*
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / pathology
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Immunoglobulins / metabolism
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / chemically induced*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / pathology
  • Kidney Glomerulus / pathology
  • Male
  • Protamines / toxicity*
  • Puromycin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Puromycin Aminonucleoside / toxicity*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Complement C3
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Protamines
  • Puromycin
  • Puromycin Aminonucleoside