Short-term Clinical Outcomes of Robotic-Arm Assisted Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Pair-Matched Controlled Study

Orthopedics. 2021 Mar-Apr;44(2):e236-e242. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20201119-10. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Abstract

Advances have made robotic assistance a viable option in total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the clinical outcomes of this procedure relative to manual THA are limited in the literature. This study compared robotic-arm assisted (RAA) THA and manual THA at minimum 2-year follow-up. Data were collected prospectively on all THAs performed from July 2011 to January 2015. Patients were included if they underwent RAA primary THA for idiopathic osteo-arthritis and had minimum follow-up of 2 years. The following patient-reported outcomes were compared: Harris Hip Score (HHS), Forgotten Joint Score (FJS-12), visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, and satisfaction. Postoperative radio-graphs were analyzed for cup inclination, cup version, leg-length discrepancy, and global offset. Robotic-arm assisted THA patients were matched 1:1 with manual THA patients for age, sex, body mass index, and surgical approach. Each study group included 85 patients. There were no significant differences in the demographic factors between the groups. Both HHS and FJS-12 were significantly higher in the RAA group at minimum 2-year follow-up. The VAS score was lower in the RAA group, but this difference was not statistically significant. A significantly higher proportion of patients were in the Lewinnek and Callanan safe zones for cup orientation. There was no difference between the groups in patient satisfaction. Robotic-arm assisted THA yielded improved short-term patient outcomes compared with manual THA and higher likelihood of cup placement in the safe zones. No differences were found regarding VAS scores, patient satisfaction, complication rates, or subsequent revisions between groups. [Orthopedics. 2021;44(2):e236-e242.].

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / methods*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Hip Joint / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures*
  • Treatment Outcome