Rhythm Control in Heart Failure Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Arrhythm Electrophysiol Rev. 2020 Nov;9(3):161-166. doi: 10.15420/aer.2020.23.


AF and heart failure (HF) commonly coexist. Left atrial ablation is an effective treatment to maintain sinus rhythm (SR) in patients with AF. Recent evidence suggests that the use of ablation for AF in patients with HF is associated with an improved left ventricular ejection fraction and lower death and HF hospitalisation rates. We performed a systematic search of world literature to analyse the association in more detail and to assess the utility of AF ablation as a non-pharmacological tool in the treatment of patients with concomitant HF.

Keywords: AF; cardiac ablation; heart failure; rate control; rhythm control.

Publication types

  • Review